Y gwahaniaeth rhwng diwygiadau o "Amgueddfa Palesteina"

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{{Pethau|fetchwikidata=ALL|suppressfields= | gwlad = {{banergwlad|Palesteina}}}}
Mae '''Amgueddfa Palesteina''' yn adeilad ac yn brosiect gan Gymdeithas Les Palesteina, sefydliad dielw ar gyfer datblygu prosiectau dyngarol ym [[Gwladwriaeth Palesteina|Mhalesteina]]. Gan gynrychioli hanes a dyheadau pobl Palestina, nod yr amgueddfa yw trafod gorffennol, presennol a dyfodol y wlad.<ref name="akdn">{{Cite web|title=Palestinian Museum – Aga Khan Development Network|website=www.akdn.org|url=https://www.akdn.org/architecture/project/palestinian-museum|access-date=28 August 2019}}</ref>
 
Lleolir yr Amgueddfa yn [[Bir Zait|Birzeit]] (25&nbsp;km i'r gogledd o [[Jeriwsalem]]) ac fe'i hagorwyd ar 18 Mai 2016, er nad oedd ganddo unrhyw arddangosion. <ref name="Minus">{{Cite news|last=James Glanz and Rami Nazzalmay|title=Palestinian Museum Prepares to Open, Minus Exhibitions|work=[[New York Times]]|date=16 May 2016|url=https://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/17/world/middleeast/palestinian-museum-birzeit-west-bank.html?_r=2|access-date=26 February 2021}}</ref> <ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/17/world/middleeast/palestinian-museum-birzeit-west-bank.html|title=Palestinian Museum Prepares to Open, Minus Exhibitions|first=James|last=Glanz|first2=Rami|last2=Nazzal|date=16 May 2016}}</ref>
 
Agorwyd yr arddangosfa agoriadol "Jerusalem Lives" ar 26 Awst 2017.<ref>{{Cite web|title=Jerusalem the focus of first Palestinian Museum show|last=Joe|first=Dyke|date=26 August 2017|url=https://www.yahoo.com/news/jerusalem-focus-first-palestinian-museum-show-183347165.html|access-date=28 August 2017}}</ref>
Penseiri'r adeilad oedd Heneghan Peng, a ddyluniodd Amgueddfa'r Aifft Fawr. Ei nod yw dod â chymysgedd o ofodau arddangos, ymchwil a rhaglenni addysg ynghyd. Trwy ei llwyfannau digidol a'i phartneriaid rhyngwladol, nod yr Amgueddfa yw cysylltu â thua 10 miliwn o Balesteiniaid sydd wedi'u gwasgaru ledled y byd, a chyda phawb sydd â diddordeb ym Mhalestina. <ref>{{Cite web|last=Hecht|first=Esther|title=Palestinian Museum Will Link the Past and the Present|website=Archrecord.construction.com|url=http://archrecord.construction.com/news/2013/06/130614-Palestinian-Museum-Heneghan-Peng-Architects.asp|access-date=20 May 2016}}</ref><sup>[5]</sup>
 
Mae'r Amgueddfa Palestina yn nodedig fel enillydd Gwobr Pensaernïaeth Aga Khan 2019. Pan gyrhaeddodd restr fer y wobr yn gynharach yn y flwyddyn,<ref name="akdn">{{Cite web|title=Palestinian Museum – Aga Khan Development Network|website=www.akdn.org|url=https://www.akdn.org/architecture/project/palestinian-museum|access-date=28 August 2019}}<cite class="citation web cs1" data-ve-ignore="true">[https://www.akdn.org/architecture/project/palestinian-museum "Palestinian Museum – Aga Khan Development Network"]. ''www.akdn.org''<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">28 August</span> 2019</span>.</cite></ref> daeth yr amgueddfa'n enwog am briodi dyluniad esthetig hyfryd gyda chyfrifoldeb amgylcheddol.<ref name="auto">{{Cite web|title=The Palestinian Museum on 2019 Shortlist for Aga Khan Award for Architecture|website=PM homepage|url=http://www.palmuseum.org/the-palestinian-museum-on-2019-shortlist-for-aga-khan-award-for-architecture|access-date=28 August 2019}}</ref>
 
Wedi'i leoli ar gopa bryn, mae adeilad yr amgueddfa'n edrych dros [[Y Môr Canoldir|Fôr y Canoldir]].<ref name="auto1">{{Cite web|title=Three UAE Projects on 2019 shortlist for Aga Khan Award for Architecture|website=gulfnews.com|url=https://gulfnews.com/uae/three-uae-projects-on-2019-shortlist-for-aga-khan-award-for-architecture-1.1556185885546|access-date=28 August 2019}}</ref> Gyda dyluniad wedi'i ysbrydoli gan y dirwedd wledig o'i amgylch, mae'r adeilad yn integreiddio'n ddi-dor i'w amgylchedd.<ref name="auto2">{{Cite web|title=Shortlist for the 2019 Aga Khan Award for Architecture announced|website=Architectural Digest Middle East|url=https://www.admiddleeast.com/shortlist-for-the-2019-aga-khan-award-for-architecture-announced|access-date=28 August 2019}}</ref> Calchfaen lleol yw ffasâd yr adeilad<ref name="auto2" /> ac mae ei erddi'n rhaeadru i lawr yr allt, gan gynrychioli hanes llystyfiant ac [[amaethyddiaeth]] Palesteina.<ref name="auto">{{Cite web|title=The Palestinian Museum on 2019 Shortlist for Aga Khan Award for Architecture|website=PM homepage|url=http://www.palmuseum.org/the-palestinian-museum-on-2019-shortlist-for-aga-khan-award-for-architecture|access-date=28 August 2019}}<cite class="citation web cs1" data-ve-ignore="true">[http://www.palmuseum.org/the-palestinian-museum-on-2019-shortlist-for-aga-khan-award-for-architecture "The Palestinian Museum on 2019 Shortlist for Aga Khan Award for Architecture"]. ''PM homepage''<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">28 August</span> 2019</span>.</cite></ref>
 
Gosododd adeiladwyr derasau â llaw, gan ymgorffori gwybodaeth a sgiliau crefftwyr lleol.<ref name="ReferenceB">{{Cite web|title=Palestinian Museum {{!}} Aga Khan Development Network|website=www.akdn.org|url=https://www.akdn.org/architecture/project/palestinian-museum|access-date=28 August 2019}}</ref> Mae'r gerddi'n ymestyn er mwyn hwyluso arddangosfeydd awyr agored a chyfuno'r adeilad â'i amgylchedd.<ref name="ReferenceB" /> Mae tu mewn yr adeilad yn cynnwys orielau, cyfleusterau addysgol ac ymchwil, a swyddfeydd gweinyddol.<ref name="auto">{{Cite web|title=The Palestinian Museum on 2019 Shortlist for Aga Khan Award for Architecture|website=PM homepage|url=http://www.palmuseum.org/the-palestinian-museum-on-2019-shortlist-for-aga-khan-award-for-architecture|access-date=28 August 2019}}<cite class="citation web cs1" data-ve-ignore="true">[http://www.palmuseum.org/the-palestinian-museum-on-2019-shortlist-for-aga-khan-award-for-architecture "The Palestinian Museum on 2019 Shortlist for Aga Khan Award for Architecture"]. ''PM homepage''<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">28 August</span> 2019</span>.</cite></ref>
 
Enillodd adeiladwaith [[cynaliadwy]]'r amgueddfa ardystiad LEED Aur iddi.<ref name="auto1">{{Cite web|title=Three UAE Projects on 2019 shortlist for Aga Khan Award for Architecture|website=gulfnews.com|url=https://gulfnews.com/uae/three-uae-projects-on-2019-shortlist-for-aga-khan-award-for-architecture-1.1556185885546|access-date=28 August 2019}}<cite class="citation web cs1" data-ve-ignore="true">[https://gulfnews.com/uae/three-uae-projects-on-2019-shortlist-for-aga-khan-award-for-architecture-1.1556185885546 "Three UAE Projects on 2019 shortlist for Aga Khan Award for Architecture"]. ''gulfnews.com''<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">28 August</span> 2019</span>.</cite></ref> Mae dyluniad yr adeilad yn ystyried cynaliadwyedd ynghyd ag ymarferoldeb ei gweinyddu o ddydd i ddydd.<ref name="ReferenceB">{{Cite web|title=Palestinian Museum {{!}} Aga Khan Development Network|website=www.akdn.org|url=https://www.akdn.org/architecture/project/palestinian-museum|access-date=28 August 2019}}<cite class="citation web cs1" data-ve-ignore="true">[https://www.akdn.org/architecture/project/palestinian-museum "Palestinian Museum | Aga Khan Development Network"]. ''www.akdn.org''<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">28 August</span> 2019</span>.</cite></ref> Er mwyn cyrraedd safonau LEED, roedd angen i'r adeiladwyr weithredu technolegau rheoli systemau a oedd yn newydd i ddiwydiant adeiladu'r ardal.<ref name="ReferenceB" />
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