Y gwahaniaeth rhwng diwygiadau o "Hong Cong"

Ychwanegwyd 7 beit ,  7 o flynyddoedd yn ôl
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Daeth Hong Kong yn drefedigaeth gan [[yr Ymerodraeth Brydeinig]] wedi'r [[Rhyfel Opiwm Cyntaf]] (1839–42). Yn wreiddiol [[Ynys Hong Kong]] yn unig oedd dan reolaeth y Prydeinwyr, ond ehangodd ffiniau'r drefedigaeth i gynnwys [[Gorynys Kowloon]] ym 1860 a'r [[Tiriogaethau Newydd]] ym 1898. Cafodd ei [[Meddiannaeth Hong Kong gan Japan|feddiannu gan Japan]] yn ystod [[yr Ail Ryfel Byd]], ac wedi'r rhyfel atfeddiannodd Brydain Hong Kong hyd [[Trosglwyddiad sofraniaeth Hong Kong|drosglwyddo sofraniaeth i Tsieina]] ym 1997.<ref>{{cite web|title=Joint Declaration of the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the People's Republic of China on the Question of Hong Kong|date=19 December 1984|quote=The Government of the People's Republic of China declares that to recover the Hong Kong area (including Hong Kong Island, Kowloon and the New Territories, hereinafter referred to as Hong Kong) is the common aspiration of the entire Chinese people, and that it has decided to resume the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong with effect from 1 July 1997.|url=http://www.cmab.gov.hk/en/issues/jd2.htm|publisher=Constitutional and Mainland Affairs Bureau, Hong Kong Government|postscript=<!--None-->|accessdate=4 October 2010}}</ref><ref name=otd>{{cite news|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/july/1/newsid_2656000/2656973.stm|title=On This Day: 1997: Hong Kong handed over to Chinese control|publisher=BBC News|accessdate=9 September 2008|date=1 July 1997}}</ref> Yn ystod ei chyfnod trefedigaethol mabwysiadodd llywodraeth Hong Kong bolisi o ymatal rhag ymyrryd yn yr economi dan yr ethos o [[anymyrraeth bositif]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.cnbc.com/id/32970596?slide=14|title=The World's Most Competitive Financial Centers|publisher=[[CNBC]]|accessdate=30 October 2009 }}</ref> Cafodd y cyfnod hwn ddylanwad mawr ar ddiwylliant Hong Kong, a elwir yn aml yn "cwrdd rhwng y Dwyrain a'r Gorllewin",<ref name="cnntravel">{{cite news |url=http://edition.cnn.com/2009/TRAVEL/03/06/24hours.hongkong/index.html?eref=rss_travel |title=24 hours in Hong Kong: Urban thrills where East meets West |publisher=CNN|date=8 March 2009 |accessdate=27 May 2009}}</ref> ac roedd y system addysg yn arfer dilyn system Lloegr<ref name="HKUChan">{{cite book|last=Chan|first=Shun-hing|last2=Leung|first2=Beatrice|year=2003|title=Changing Church and State Relations in Hong Kong, 1950–2000|publisher=[[Hong Kong University Press]]|page=24|isbn=962-209-612-3}}</ref> nes iddi gael ei diwygio yn 2009.<ref name=nss>{{cite web |url=http://www.edb.gov.hk/index.aspx?nodeID=2063&langno=1 |title=Programme Highlights|work=Hong Kong Government|accessdate=20 October 2010}}</ref>
[[File:Hong Kong Night Skyline.jpg|bawd|chwith|Hong Kong fin nos.]]
 
Dan yr egwyddor "[[un wlad, dwy system]]", mae gan Hong Kong system wleidyddol wahanol i [[tir mawr Tsieina|dir mawr Tsieina]].<ref>{{cite book|last=So|first=Dudley L.|last2=Lin|first2=Nan|last3=Poston|year=2001|title=The Chinese Triangle of Mainland China, Taiwan and Hong Kong|publisher=[[Greenwood Publishing]]|pages=13–29|isbn=0-313-30869-1}}</ref> Gweithreda [[barnwriaeth annibynnol]] Hong Kong dan fframwaith [[y gyfraith gyffredin]].<ref name="BasicLawC4S4">{{cite web|url=http://www.basiclaw.gov.hk/en/basiclawtext/chapter_4.html#section_4|title=Basic Law, Chapter IV, Section 4|publisher=Basic Law Promotion Steering Committee|accessdate=10 November 2009}}</ref><ref name="RusellP">{{cite book|last=Russell|first=Peter H.|first2=David M.|last2=O'Brien|title=Judicial Independence in the Age of Democracy: Critical Perspectives from around the World|year=2001|publisher=[[University of Virginia Press]]|isbn=978-0-8139-2016-0|page=306}}</ref> Llywodraethir y system wleidyddol gan [[Cyfraith Sylfaenol Hong Kong|Gyfraith Sylfaenol Hong Kong]], dogfen gyfansoddiadol sy'n mynnu i Hong Kong gael "gradd uchel o hunanlywodraeth" mewn pob mater ac eithrio cysylltiadau tramor ac amddiffyniad milwrol.<ref name="BasicLawC2">{{cite web|url=http://www.basiclaw.gov.hk/en/basiclawtext/chapter_2.html|title=Basic Law, Chapter II|publisher=Basic Law Promotion Steering Committee|accessdate=10 November 2009}}</ref><ref name="Ghai">{{cite book|last=Ghai|first=Yash P.|title=Autonomy and Ethnicity: Negotiating Competing Claims in Multi-ethnic States|year=2000|publisher=[[Cambridge University Press]]|isbn=978-0-521-78642-3|pages=92–97}}</ref> Er bod ei [[system amlbleidiol]] yn tyfu, mae etholyddiaeth fechan yn rheoli hanner [[Cyngor Deddfwriaethol Hong Kong|y Cyngor Deddfwriaethol]]. Hynny yw, dewisir [[Prif Weithredwr Hong Kong]], sef pennaeth y llywodraeth, gan Bwyllgor Etholiadol o 400 i 1,200 o aelodau, a bydd y system hon yn gweithredu am y 20 mlynedd gyntaf dan sofraniaeth Tsieina.<ref>{{cite web|title=Decision of the National People's Congress on the Method for the Formation of the First Government and the First Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region|url=http://www.basiclaw.gov.hk/en/basiclawtext/attached_4.html|accessdate=21 February 2012}}</ref><ref name="BasicLawC4S1">{{cite web|url=http://www.basiclaw.gov.hk/en/basiclawtext/chapter_4.html#section_1|title=Basic Law, Chapter IV, Section 1|publisher=Basic Law Promotion Steering Committee|accessdate=10 November 2009}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|title=Amendment to Annex I to the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China Concerning the Method for the Selection of the Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region|url=http://www.basiclaw.gov.hk/en/basiclawtext/images/Amendment_to_AnnexI.pdf}}</ref><ref name="Rioni">{{cite book|last=Rioni|first=S. G.|title=Hong Kong in Focus: Political and Economic Issues|year=2002|publisher=[[Nova Publishers]]|isbn=978-1-59033-237-5|pages=9–10}}</ref>
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