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'''Cwrdistan''' (<span class="nowrap"><span class="IPA nopopups">/<span title="/ˌ/ secondary stress follows">ˌ</span><span title="'k' in 'kind'">k</span><span title="/ɜːr/ 'ir' in 'bird'">ɜːr</span><span title="'d' in 'dye'">d</span><span title="/ɪ/ short 'i' in 'bid'">ɪ</span><span title="/ˈ/ primary stress follows">ˈ</span><span title="'s' in 'sigh'">s</span><span title="'t' in 'tie'">t</span><span title="/æ/ short 'a' in 'bad'">æ</span><span title="'n' in 'no'">n</span>/</span></span><span class="nowrap"></span> neu <span class="nowrap"><span class="IPA nopopups">/<span title="/ˌ/ secondary stress follows">ˌ</span><span title="'k' in 'kind'">k</span><span title="/ɜːr/ 'ir' in 'bird'">ɜːr</span><span title="'d' in 'dye'">d</span><span title="/ɪ/ short 'i' in 'bid'">ɪ</span><span title="/ˈ/ primary stress follows">ˈ</span><span title="'s' in 'sigh'">s</span><span title="'t' in 'tie'">t</span><span title="/ɑː/ 'a' in 'father'">ɑː</span><span title="'n' in 'no'">n</span>/</span></span><span class="nowrap"></span>)<span (Cwrdaiddclass="nowrap"><span class="IPA nopopups"><span title="'n' in 'no'">yrdeg</span></span></span>aidd/[[Cyrdeg|Kurdish]]: <small></small><span class="IPA" title="Representation in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA)">[ˌkurdɪˈstan]</span><small class="nowrap metadata">&nbsp;([[Delwedd:Speaker_Icon.svg|link=File:Kurdistan.ogg|alt=|13x13px]] listen)</small>; "Mamwlad y Cwrdiaid" neu "Gwlad y Cwrdiaid";<ref name="BritannicaKurdistan"><cite class="citation web">[http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/325241/Kurdistan "Kurdistan"]. </cite></ref> hefyd a arferai gael ei alw'n ''Curdistan'';<ref>The Edinburgh encyclopaedia, conducted by D. Brewster—Page 511, Original from Oxford University—published 1830</ref><ref>An Account of the State of Roman-Catholick Religion, Sir Richard Steele, Published 1715</ref> enw hynafol: ''Corduene''<ref>N. Maxoudian, ''Early Armenia as an Empire: The Career of Tigranes III, 95–55 BC'', Journal of The Royal Central Asian Society, Vol. 39, Issue 2, April 1952 , pp. 156–163.</ref><ref name="A.D. Lee, 1991 pp. 366–374">A.D. Lee, ''The Role of Hostages in Roman Diplomacy with Sasanian Persia'', Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte, Vol. 40, No. 3 (1991), pp. 366–374 (see p.371)</ref><ref>M. Sicker, ''The pre-Islamic Middle East'', 231 pp., Greenwood Publishing Group, 2000, (see p.181)</ref><ref>J. den Boeft, ''Philological and historical commentary on Ammianus Marcellinus XXIII'', 299 pp., Bouma Publishers, 1998. (see p.44)</ref><ref>J. F. Matthews, ''Political life and culture in late Roman society'', 304 pp., 1985</ref><ref>George Henry Townsend, ''A manual of dates: a dictionary of reference to the most important events in the history of mankind to be found in authentic records'', 1116 pp., Warne, 1867. (see p.556)</ref><ref>F. Stark, ''Rome on the Euphrates: the story of a frontier'', 481 pp., 1966. (see p.342)</ref>) neu '''Cwrdistan Fwyaf''', yw ardal geo-ddiwylliannol lle mae'r bobl Cwrdaidd yn creu'r boblogaeth fwyafrif amlycaf,<ref name="Zaken"><cite class="citation book">Zaken, Mordechai (2007). </cite></ref> a lle mae diwylliant, iaith, a hunaniaeth cenedlaethol wedi'u lleoli'n hanesyddol.<ref>M. T. O'Shea, ''Trapped between the map and reality: geography and perceptions of Kurdistan '', 258 pp., Routledge, 2004. (see p.77)</ref> Yn fras, mae Cwrdistan yn cwmpasu cadwyn mynyddoedd gogledd-orllewin [[Zagros]] a dwyrain cadwyn mynyddoedd [[Mynyddoedd Taurus|Taurus]].<ref>[http://concise.britannica.com/ebc/article-9046469/Kurdistan Kurdistan], [[Encyclopædia Britannica|Britannica]] Concise.</ref>
 
Mae defnydd cyfoes o'r term yn cyfeirio at bediar rhan o Gwrdisdtan Fwyaf, sydd yn cynnwys de-ddwyrain Twrci(Northern Kurdistan), gogledd [[Syria]] (Rojava neu Gorllewin Cwrdistan), gogledd Irac (De Cwrdistan), a gogledd-orllewin [[Iran]] (Dwyrain Cwrdistan).<ref>''Kurdish Awakening: Nation Building in a Fragmented Homeland'', (2014), by Ofra Bengio, University of Texas Press</ref><ref><cite class="citation web">[http://www.bartleby.com/65/ku/Kurds.html "The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition, 2005"]. ''bartleby.com''.</cite><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fen.wikipedia.org%3AKurdistan&rft.atitle=The+Columbia+Encyclopedia%2C+Sixth+Edition%2C+2005&rft.genre=unknown&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.bartleby.com%2F65%2Fku%2FKurds.html&rft.jtitle=bartleby.com&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal">&nbsp;</span></ref> Mae rhai cyfundrefnau cenedlaetholaidd Cwrdaidd yn edrych i greu cenedl annibynnol sydd am gynnwys rhai neu'r holl o'r adraloedd yma gyda mwyafrif Cwrdaidd, tra mae eraill yn ymgyrchu am fwy o hunan-lywodraeth o fewn ffiniau cenedlaethol presennol. <ref><cite class="citation web">[http://www.kurdishaspect.com/doc060910SK.html "The Kurdish Conflict: Aspirations for Statehood within the Spirals of International Relations in the 21st Century"]. </cite></ref><ref>Hamit Bozarslan “The Kurdish Question: Can it be solved within Europe?”, [https://books.google.com/books?id=AJpvnC54S8EC&pg=PA84 page 84 “The years of silence and of renewal”] in Olivier Roy, ed.</ref>
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