Y gwahaniaeth rhwng diwygiadau o "Treiglad"

Ychwanegwyd 15,480 beit ,  10 o flynyddoedd yn ôl
Tafleni treiglad
(Taflen treigladau meddal)
(Tafleni treiglad)
===Stronnaghys ayns çhengaghyn Celtiagh===
 
Ta'n taabyl shoh soilshaghey magh obbyr stronnaghys ayns ny çhengaghyn Celtiagh. Er y fa dy vel Llythyraethyn er lheh ec dagh fer jeu, ta enmyn cadjin currit oc son oardraghey. Ta shen jannoo ny s'assey eh ny çhengaghyn y chosoylaghey. Myr sampleyr, ta '''çh''' 'sy Ghaelg casley rish '''t meindwf''' ayns ny çhengaghyn Gaelgagh elley.
 
Ta kerroo lheeah cowraghey nagh vel stronnaghys ec y lettyr shoh 'sy çhengey shoh.
 
Newid mewn [[cytsain]] ar ddechrau [[gair]] yn ôl ei safle neu swyddogaeth yw '''treiglad'''. Mae treigladau'n nodweddiadol o'r [[ieithoedd Celtaidd]], ond mae treigladau'n digwydd mewn sawl iaith arall fel Fula (iaith yng ngorllewin [[Affrica]]) a Nivkh (iaith o [[Siberia]]).
 
|-
| rowspan="2" | '''f''' bras || {{IPA|/fˠ/}} || {{IPA|/fw/}} → {{IPA|/w/}}, {{IPA|/fw/}} || {{IPA|/f/}} → ''veg'' || {{IPA|/fˠ/}} → ''veg'' || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
 
|-
| ''Llythyraeth'' || '''fw''' → '''w''', '''fw''' || '''f''' → '''fh''' || '''f''' → '''fh''' || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
 
===Treigliad trwynol===
Ceir '''treigialtreiglad trywnol''' ar ôl [[rhagenw]], megis ''fy'', neu [[adroddiad]], megis ''yn''.
 
Dyma’r llythrennau sy’n treiglo’n drwynol:
*P → Mh
*T → Nh
 
===Treigladau trwynol yn yr ieithoedd Celtaidd ===
 
Mae'r taflen yma yn dangos gweithrediadau treigladau trwynol yn yr ieithoedd Celtaidd. O achos bod llythyraeth unigol gan bob iaith, rhowyd cyd-enwau arnon am ei trefnu nhw. Mae hyn yn i'gwneud hi'n hawddach cymharu yr ieithoedd. Ar enghraifft, mae '''çh''' Manaweg cyfwerth â '''t meindwf''' yn yr ieithoedd Gaeleg eraill.
 
Mae cell lwyd arddangos nad oes treiglad trwynol effeithio'r llythyren hon yn yr ieith hon.
 
:{| class="wikitable" cellspacing="7" style="text-align: center;"
|+'''Treigladau llaes yn yr ieithoedd Celtaidd '''
|-
!  
! style="background-color:#FFDEAD;" width = "100" | Cytseinol wreiddiol
! colspan = "6" style="background-color:#FFDEAD;" width = "100" | Cytseiniol wedi'i treiglo
|-
! style="background-color:#FFDEAD;" width = "100" | Enw
! style="background-color:#FFE4C4;" width = "100" | Swn ([[Gwyddor Seinegol Ryngwladol|GSR]])
! style="background-color:#FFE4C4;" width = "100" | [[Manaweg]]
! style="background-color:#FFE4C4;" width = "100" | [[Gaeleg yr Alban]]
! style="background-color:#FFE4C4;" width = "100" | [[Gwyddeleg]]
! style="background-color:#FFE4C4;" width = "100" | [[Cymraeg]]
! style="background-color:#FFE4C4;" width = "100" | [[Cernyweg]]
! style="background-color:#FFE4C4;" width = "100" | [[Llydaweg]]
|-
| rowspan="2" | '''p''' meindwf || {{IPA|/pʲ/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;" | || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || {{IPA|/pʲ/}} → {{IPA|/bʲ/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;" |
|-
| ''Llythyraeth'' || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || '''p''' → '''bp'''|| style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| rowspan="2" | '''p''' bras || {{IPA|/pˠ/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || {{IPA|/pˠ/}} → {{IPA|/bˠ/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| ''Llythyraeth'' || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || '''p''' → '''bp'''|| style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| rowspan="2" | '''p''' || {{IPA|/p/}} || {{IPA|/p/}} → {{IPA|/b/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || {{IPA|/p/}} → {{IPA|/m̥/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| ''Llythyraeth'' || '''p''' → '''b'''|| style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || '''p''' → '''mh'''|| style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| rowspan="2" | '''t''' meindwf || {{IPA|/tʲ/}} || {{IPA|/ʧ/}} → {{IPA|/j/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || {{IPA|/tʲ/}} → {{IPA|/dʲ/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| ''Llythyraeth'' || '''çh''' → '''j''' || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || '''t''' → '''dt'''|| style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| rowspan="2" | '''t''' bras || {{IPA|/tˠ/}} || {{IPA|/tˠ/}} → {{IPA|/dˠ/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || {{IPA|/tˠ/}} → {{IPA|/dˠ/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| ''Llythyraeth'' || '''t''', '''th''' → '''d''' || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || '''t''' → '''dt''' || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| rowspan="2" | '''t''' || {{IPA|/t/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || {{IPA|/t/}} → {{IPA|/n̥/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| ''Llythyraeth'' || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || '''t''' → '''nh'''|| style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| rowspan="2" | '''ch'''<br>'''çh''' || {{IPA|/ʧ/}} || rowspan = "2" style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| ''edrychwch ar <br> '''t meindwf''' || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| ''Llythyraeth'' || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| rowspan="2" | '''c''' meindwf <br> '''k''' meindwf || {{IPA|/c/}} || {{IPA|/c/}} → {{IPA|/ɟ/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || {{IPA|/c/}} → {{IPA|/ɟ/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| ''Llythyraeth'' || '''c''', '''k''' → '''g''' || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || '''c''' → '''gc''' || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| rowspan="2" | '''c''' bras <br> '''k''' bras || {{IPA|/k/}} || {{IPA|/k/}} → {{IPA|/ŋ̊/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || {{IPA|/k/}} → {{IPA|/g/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| ''Llythyraeth'' || '''c''', '''k''' → '''g''' || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || '''c''' → '''gc''' || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| rowspan="2" | '''c''' || {{IPA|/k/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || {{IPA|/k/}} → {{IPA|/ŋ̊/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| ''Llythyraeth'' || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || '''c''' → '''ngh''' || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| rowspan="2" | '''b''' meindwf || {{IPA|/bʲ/}} || {{IPA|/b/}} → {{IPA|/m/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || {{IPA|/bʲ/}} → {{IPA|/mʲ/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| ''Llythyraeth'' || '''b''' → '''m''' || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || '''b''' → '''mb'''|| style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| rowspan="2" | '''b''' bras || {{IPA|/bˠ/}} || {{IPA|/b/}} → {{IPA|/m/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || {{IPA|/bˠ/}} → {{IPA|/mˠ/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| ''Llythyraeth'' || '''b''' → '''m''' || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || '''b''' → '''mb''' || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| rowspan="2" | '''b''' || {{IPA|/b/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || {{IPA|/b/}} → {{IPA|/m/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| ''Llythyraeth'' || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || '''b''' → '''m'''|| style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| rowspan="2" | '''d''' meindwf || {{IPA|/dʲ/}} || {{IPA|/ʤ/}} → {{IPA|/nj/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || {{IPA|/dʲ/}} → {{IPA|/nʲ/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| ''Llythyraeth'' || '''j''' → '''ny''' || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || '''d''' → '''nd'''|| style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| rowspan="2" | '''d''' bras || {{IPA|/dˠ/}} || {{IPA|/dˠ/}} → {{IPA|/nˠ/}}, {{IPA|/d/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || {{IPA|/d̪ˠ/}} → {{IPA|/n̪ˠ/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| ''Llythyraeth'' || '''d''' → '''n''' || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || '''d''' → '''nd''' || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| rowspan="2" | '''d''' || {{IPA|/d/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || {{IPA|/d/}} → {{IPA|/n/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| ''Llythyraeth'' || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || '''d''' → '''n'''|| style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| rowspan="2" | '''j''' || {{IPA|/ʤ/}} || rowspan = "2" style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| ''edrychwch ar <br> '''d meindwf''' || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| ''Llythyraeth'' || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| rowspan="2" | '''g''' meindwf || {{IPA|/gʲ/}} || {{IPA|/gʲ/}} → {{IPA|/ŋ/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || {{IPA|/ɟ/}} → {{IPA|/ɲ/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| ''Llythyraeth'' || '''g''' → '''ng''' || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || '''g''' → '''ng''' || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| rowspan="2" | '''g''' bras || {{IPA|/gˠ/}} || {{IPA|/gˠ/}} → {{IPA|/ŋˠ/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || {{IPA|/g/}} → {{IPA|/ŋ/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| ''Llythyraeth'' || '''g''' → '''ng''' || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || '''g''' → '''ng''' || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| rowspan="2" | '''g''' || {{IPA|/g/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || {{IPA|/g/}} → {{IPA|/ŋ/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| ''Llythyraeth'' || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || '''g''' → '''ng''' || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| rowspan="2" | '''f''' meindwf || {{IPA|/fʲ/}} || {{IPA|/f/}} → {{IPA|/v/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || {{IPA|/fʲ/}} → {{IPA|/vʲ/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| ''Llythyraeth'' || '''f''' → '''v''' || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || '''f''' → '''bhf''' || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| rowspan="2" | '''f''' bras || {{IPA|/fˠ/}} || {{IPA|/fw/}} → {{IPA|/hw/}}, {{IPA|/w/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || {{IPA|/fʲˠ/}} → {{IPA|/w/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|-
| ''Llythyraeth'' || '''fw''' → '''w''' || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || '''f''' → '''bhf''' || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"|
|}
 
===Treigliad llaes===
Ceir '''treigialtreiglad llaes''' ar ôl [[rhagenw]] benywaidd, megis ''ei'', neu [[cysyllteiriau]], megis ''a''.
 
Dyma’r llythrennau sy’n treiglo’n llaes:
 
Gyda'r treiglad llaes, rhoddwyd "h" cyn lafariaid hefyd.
 
===Treigladau llaes yn yr ieithoedd Celtaidd ===
 
Mae'r taflen yma yn dangos gweithrediadau treigladau llaes yn yr ieithoedd Celtaidd.
 
Mae cell lwyd arddangos nad oes treiglad llaes effeithio'r llythyren hon yn yr ieith hon.
 
:{| class="wikitable" cellspacing="7" style="text-align: center;"
|+'''Treigladau llaes yn yr ieithoedd Celtaidd '''
|-
! &nbsp;
! style="background-color:#FFDEAD;" width = "100" | Cytseinol wreiddiol
! colspan = "6" style="background-color:#FFDEAD;" width = "100" | Cytseiniol wedi'i treiglo
|-
! style="background-color:#FFDEAD;" width = "100" | Enw
! style="background-color:#FFE4C4;" width = "100" | Swn ([[Gwyddor Seinegol Ryngwladol|GSR]])
! style="background-color:#FFE4C4;" width = "100" | [[Manaweg]]
! style="background-color:#FFE4C4;" width = "100" | [[Gaeleg yr Alban]]
! style="background-color:#FFE4C4;" width = "100" | [[Gwyddeleg]]
! style="background-color:#FFE4C4;" width = "100" | [[Cymraeg]]
! style="background-color:#FFE4C4;" width = "100" | [[Cernyweg]]
! style="background-color:#FFE4C4;" width = "100" | [[Llydaweg]]
|-
| rowspan="2" | '''p''' || {{IPA|/p/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || {{IPA|/p/}} → {{IPA|/f/}} || {{IPA|/p/}} → {{IPA|/f/}} || {{IPA|/p/}} → {{IPA|/f/}}
|-
| ''Llythyraeth'' || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || '''p''' → '''ph''' || '''p''' → '''f''' || '''p''' → '''f'''
|-
| rowspan="2" | '''t''' || {{IPA|/t/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || {{IPA|/t/}} → {{IPA|/θ/}} || {{IPA|/t/}} → {{IPA|/θ/}} || {{IPA|/t/}} → {{IPA|/z/}}
|-
| ''Llythyraeth'' || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || '''t''' → '''th''' || '''t''' → '''th''' || '''t''' → '''z'''
|-
| rowspan="2" | '''c'''<br>'''k''' || {{IPA|/k/}} || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || {{IPA|/k/}} → {{IPA|/x/}} || {{IPA|/k/}} → {{IPA|/h/}} || {{IPA|/k/}} → {{IPA|/x/}}
|-
| ''Llythyraeth'' || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || style="background-color:#D3D3D3;"| || '''c''' → '''ch''' || '''k''' → '''h''' || '''k''' → '''c'h'''
|}
 
{{eginyn iaith}}
28

golygiad