Y gwahaniaeth rhwng diwygiadau o "Aphra Behn"

Ychwanegwyd 5,178 beit ,  12 o flynyddoedd yn ôl
dim crynodeb golygu
(stwbyn ar Aphra Behn)
 
[[Image:Aphra Behn by Mary Beale.jpg|thumb|right|150px|Portread Aphra Behn, tua 30 oed, gan [[Mary Beale]].]]
Merch a dramodydd o bwys oedd Aphra Behn, mae ei dramâu ar lwyfanau o hyd yn Llundain.
'''Aphra Behn''' ([[Gorffenaf 10]], [[1640]]–[[Ebrill 16]], [[1689]]) Merch a dramodydd o bwys oedd Aphra Behn, mae ei dramâu ar lwyfanau o hyd yn Llundain. Yn ystod cyfnod yr [[Adferiad Saesneg]] roedd hi'n un o brif awduron ei hoes.
 
==Bywyd Cynnar==
Roedd Aphra Behn, yn u o'r awduresau cyntaf i ennill ei bywoliaeth drwy ysgrifennu,<ref>[[Montague Summers]]. ''The Works of Aphra Behn''. London: William Heineman, 1913</ref> . Fe i ganwyd yn [[Wye, Caint|Wye]], ger [[Caergaint]], ar [[Gorffenaf 10]], [[1640]] yn ferch i Bartholomew Johnson ac Elizabeth Denham. Bedyddwyd Aphra, neu ''Eaffry'', ym mis [[Rhagfyr 14]], [[1640]]. Gweithiod ei mam,Elizabeth Denham, fel nyrs i'r teulu cyfoethog [[John Colepeper, 1af Baron Colepeper|Colepeper]] a ddaeth Aphra yn rhan o'u teulu estynnedig.
Ym 1663 aeth hi i [[Suriname]], ar daith i lawr yr afon o'r un enw. Seilir un o'i phrif straeon ar gaethweision y coloni , ''[[Oroonoko]]''. Roedd lawer yn amau dilysrwydd y siwrne i ferch ond mae tystiolaeth bellach yn cadarnhau ei siwrne.
 
==Llyfryddiaeth==
===Dramâu===
*''The Forced Marriage'' (1670)
*''The Amorous Prince'' (1671)
*''The Dutch Lover'' (1673)
*''[[Abdelazar|Abdelazer]]'' (1676)
*''The Town Fop'' (1676)
*''[[The Rover (play)|The Rover]]'', Part 1 (1677) and Part 2 (1681)
*''Sir Patient Fancy'' (1678)
*''The Feigned Courtesans'' (1679)
*''The Young King'' (1679)
*''The False Count'' (1681)
*''The Roundheads'' (1681)
*''[[The City Heiress]]'' (1682)
*''Like Father, Like Son'' (1682)
*''The Lucky Chance'' (1686) with composer [[John Blow]]
*''[[The Emperor of the Moon]]'' (1687)
'''Posthumously performed'''
*''The Widdow Ranter'' (1689)<ref>[http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/etas/45/ Online etext]</ref>
*''The Younger Brother'' (1696)
 
===Nofelau===
*''The Fair Jilt''
*''Agnes de Castro''
*''[[Love-Letters Between a Nobleman and His Sister]]'' (1684)
*''[[Oroonoko]]'' (1688)
 
===Straeon Byrion===
*''[[The History of the Nun|The History of the Nun: or, the Fair Vow-Breaker]]'' (1688)
 
*''[[The Dumb Virgin: Or, The Force of Imagination]]'' (1700)
 
===Cerddi===
 
*''[[Love Armed]]'' (1677)
 
*''[[The Disappointment]]'' (1680)
 
*''[[On Her Loving Two Equally]]'' (1682)
 
*''[[Poems upon Several Occasions]]'' (1684)
 
*''[[On Desire]]'' (1688)
 
*''[[To The Fair Clarinda, Who Made Love to Me, Imagined More Than Woman]]'' (1688)
 
==Cyfeiriadau==
===Bywgrafiadau===
*{{cite book | title = The Passionate Shepherdess | author = [[Maureen Duffy]] | year = 1977}}
*Angeline Goreau, ''Reconstructing Aphra: a social biography of Aphra Behn'' (New York: Dial Press, 1980). ISBN 0-8037-7478-8
*Angeline Goreau. ''Aphra Behn: A scandal to modesty (c. 1640-1689)'' in Spender, Dale (ed.) Feminist theorists: Three centuries of key women thinkers, Pantheon 1983, pp. 8-27 ISBN 0-394-53438-7.
* {{cite book | title = The Theatre of Aphra Behn | author = Derek Hughes | year = 2001 | publisher = Palgrave Macmillan | isbn = 0-333-76030-1}}
* {{cite book | title = The Secret Life of Aphra Behn | author = [[Janet Todd]] | year = 1997 | publisher = Rutgers University Press | isbn = 0-8135-2455-5}}
*{{cite book | title = Aphra Behn - The Incomparable Astrea | author = [[Vita Sackville-West]] | year = 1927 | publisher = Gerald Howe}} A view of Behn more sympathetic and laudatory than Woolf's.
* {{cite book | title = [[A Room of One's Own]] | author = [[Virginia Woolf]] | year = 1929 }} One section deals with Behn, but it is a starting point for the feminist rediscovery of Behn's role.
*''What Is Triumph in Love? with a consideration of Aphra Behn'', Nancy Huntting
 
===Ffynhonellau Eraill===
* Hobby, Elaine. ''Virtue of necessity: English women's writing 1649-88''. University of Michigan 1989
* Summers, Montague (ed.). ''Aphra Behn: Works''. London 1913
* Lewcock, Dawn. ''Aphra Behn studies: More for seeing than hearing: Behn and the use of theatre''. Ed. Todd, Janet. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1996.
* Steen, Francis F. ''The Politics of Love: Propaganda and Structural Learning in Aphra Behn's Love-Letters between a Nobleman and His Sister.'' Poetics Today 23.1 (2002) 91-122. Project Muse. 19 Nov. 2007.<ref>[http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/poetics_today/v023/23.1steen.html Project MUSE<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref>
* Todd, Janet. ''The Critical Fortunes of Aphra Behn.'' Columbia: Camden House, 1998. 69-72.
 
===Nodiadau===
{{Reflist}}
 
== Dolenau Allanol ==
{{wikiquote}}
{{commons|Aphra Behn|Aphra Behn}}
{{wikisource author|Aphra Behn}}
*[http://aberdeen.ac.uk/cems/graphics/womens_writing.jpg Portrait from University of Aberdeen]
*{{gutenberg author|id=Aphra_Behn|name=Aphra Behn}}
*[http://www.poetsgraves.co.uk/behn.htm Aphra Behn's Grave, Westminster Abbey]
* [http://ebooks.adelaide.edu.au/b/behn/aphra University of Adelaide biography and etexts] (a source for the list of works)
* [http://www.lit-arts.net/Behn/ The Aphra Behn page at list-arts.net]
* [http://www.sukipot.com/angellica/ The Sign of Angellica: An Aphra Behn Site]
* [http://www.classicistranieri.com/english/indexes/authb.htm The Complete Works of Aphra Behn] on e-book
* [http://people04.albion.edu/jts10/dp/ Some of Behn's minor poems]
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