Mae Buck Privates yn ffilm gomedi milwrol cerddorol (1941) a drodd y ddeuawd gomedi Bud Abbott a Lou Costello yn sêr ym myd y ffilm.

Buck Privates
Cyfarwyddwyd gan Arthur Lubin
Cynhyrchwyd gan Alex Gottlieb
Awdur (on) Arthur T. Horman
Yn serennu Bud Abbott
Lou Costello
The Andrews Sisters
Cerddoriaeth gan Charles Previn
Sinematograffi Milton R. Krasner
Golygwyd gan Philip Cahn
Dosbarthwyd gan Universal Pictures
Rhyddhawyd gan
  • Ionawr 31, 1941 (1941-01-31) (U.D.A)
Hyd y ffilm (amser) 84 munud
Gwlad UDA
Iaith Saesneg
Cyfalaf $245,000[1][2]
Gwerthiant tocynnau $4,000,000 (UDA)[1]

Hon oedd y comedi milwrol cyntaf yn seiliedig ar ddrafft amser heddwch 1940. Gwnaeth y tîm comedi ddwy ffilm filwrol arall cyn i'r Unol Daleithiau fynd i'r rhyfel (In the Navy and Keep 'Em Flying). Rhyddhawyd dilyniant i’r ffilm, Buck Privates Come Home, ym 1947. Mae Buck Privates yn un o dair ffilm Abbott a Costello a oedd yn cynnwys The Andrews Sisters, a oedd hefyd o dan gytundeb i Universal Pictures ar y pryd.

Perfformiodd Abbott a Costello addasiad radio o'r ffilm ar y Lux Radio Theatre ar Hydref 13, 1941.

StoriGolygu

Mae Slicker Smith a Herbie Brown (Abbott a Costello) yn bedleri palmant sy'n gwerthu teis allan o gês dillad. Mae heddwas (Nat Pendleton) yn eu herlid ac mae'r ddau yn cuddio mewn theatr ffilm, heb sylweddoli ei bod y theatr bellach yn cael ei defnyddio fel canolfan ymrestru'r Fyddin. Gan gredu eu bod yn cofrestru ar gyfer gwobrau theatr, maen nhw'n ymrestru yn lle hynny.

CynhyrchiadGolygu

Ffilmiwyd Buck Privates o Ragfyr 13, 1940, trwy Ionawr 11, 1941. Yn wreiddiol, cyllidwyd ar gyfer $ 233,000 dros 20 diwrnod; yn y diwedd roedd yn $ 12,000 dros y gyllideb a phedwar diwrnod dros amser. [1]

Roedd y "drill routine" enwog, lle mae Smitty yn ceisio cael Herbie a milwyr eraill i orymdeithio, mewn gwirionedd yn gyfres o sgets fyrrach a gafodd eu tynnu at ei gilydd i ehangu'r darn i fwy na thri munud o amser ar y sgrin. Roedd Abbott a Costello wedi bod yn perfformio’r sgets hwn ar y llwyfan am fwy na thair blynedd. [3] Roedd Lubin yn cofio bod y ffilm yn un od i saethu..."was very strange to shoot because they didn't go by much of a shooting script. Being burlesque comedians they just did their old routines. They would say 'This routine is "Spit in the Bush".'... And they would have to act it for me and show it what it was. The entire first script was a series of titled gags. I would just say 'We'll take a close up here and a two shot here'. I never interfered. There were was nothing I could do because these were tried and true old burlesque things that they and their forefathers and their forefathers, probably since the Greek period, had done."[4]

Yn ôl Lubin "the studio was a little uncertain about how they were going to be accepted. But at the first preview the audience just died. Buck Privates was a very, very funny show. And, actually, I must say it was very little credit to the director. It consisted mainly of fabulous gags that these two wonderful guys knew from years and years of being in burlesque."[4] Yn dilyn llwyddiant y ffilm, gofynnodd y stiwdio i Lubin ffilmio, Oh, Charlie! a ddaeth yn Hold That Ghost yn hwyrach ymlaen yn y broses.

Derbyniodd y ffilm adolygiadau cadarnhaol. Yn ôl Theodore Strauss o The New York Times "an hour and a half of uproarious monkeyshines. Army humor isn't apt to be subtle and neither are Abbott and Costello. Their antics have as much innuendo as a 1,000-pound bomb but nearly as much explosive force." [5]

Ysgrifennodd Variety , "Geared at a zippy pace, and providing lusty and enthusiastic comedy of the broadest slapstick, Buck Privates is a hilarious laugh concoction that will click solidly in the general runs for profitable biz." [6]

Film Daily - "If ever a 'sleeper' appeared out of Hollywood, this is it ... the attraction is a grand, madcap musical which packs a whale of a wallop for the general public liking laughs galore on the frankly slapstick side."[7]

Harrison's Reports - "A good comedy for the masses ... Abbott and Costello definitely establish themselves as a comedy team that should win wide popularity."[8]

Cylchgrawn Diabolique - "It’s become fashionable in later years among Abbott and Costello aficionados to decry Buck Privates – purists complain about all those Andrews Sisters numbers and the time devoted to a “straight” love triangle. Hold That Ghost (1941) and especially Abbott and Costello Meet Frankenstein (1948) are more highly regarded by buffs. But I think it’s terrific – in part because of that love triangle (which is very well acted) and the Andrews Sisters, but also because Abbott and Costello were rarely so energetic. They’re in top form with brilliant routines, and Lubin treats it all with the perfect light touch." [9]

Gwobrau ac enwebiadauGolygu

Derbyniodd y ffilm ddau enwebiad am Wobr yr Academi ym 1941. Enwebwyd Hughie Prince a Don Raye am y Gân Wreiddiol Orau i Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy ac enwebwyd Charles Previn am y Sgôr Cerddoriaeth Wreiddiol.

CastGolygu

Dolenni allanolGolygu

CyfeiriadauGolygu

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Bob Furmanek & Ron Palumbo, Abbott and Costello in Hollywood, Perigree Books 1991 p 42-48
  2. Town Called HOLLYWOOD Scheuer, Philip K. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 04 May 1941: C3.
  3. Palumbo, Ron. "Buck Privates: The Complete Filmscript." Bear Manor Media, 2013.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Flynn, Charles; McCarthy, Todd (1975). "Arthur Lubin". In Flynn, Charles; McCarthy, Todd (gol.). Kings of the Bs : working within the Hollywood system : an anthology of film history and criticism. E. P. Dutton. t. 366.
  5. Strauss, Theodore (February 14, 1941). "Movie Reviews - Buck Privates". The New York Times. Cyrchwyd December 14, 2015.
  6. "Buck Privates". Variety. New York: Variety, Inc. February 5, 1941. t. 12.
  7. "Reviews of New Films". Film Daily (New York: Wid's Films and Film Folk, Inc.): 9. February 3, 1941.
  8. "'Buck Privates' with Bud Abbott, Lou Costello, Lee Bowman and Alan Curtis". Harrison's Reports: 27. December xx, 1941.
  9. Vagg, Stephen (14 September 2019). "The Cinema of Arthur Lubin". Diabolique Magazine.